Nosebleed is a very common occurrence. While some people are genuinely concerned, others simply ignore it.
What causes a nosebleed?
There are many reasons why nosebleed occurs, including fractures and nose picking, as well as nasal allergies, colds or flu, dry air, and high altitudes. In some cases, a nosebleed can also occur as a result of existing symptoms of Osler disease, leukemia, tumors, etc.
As the bleeding often has no etiologic cause, it shouldn’t be much of a concern to you.
When should you be worried?
- If you feel shortness of breath during the bleed,
- If you feel arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats),
- If it occurs frequently and you lose lots of blood,
- If you feel dizzy and lose consciousness during bleeding,
- If you get extreme headaches during nose bleeds.
Common side effects:
- Swallowing high amount of blood which induces vomiting urges
- Recurrent nosebleeds (during which you lose plenty of blood) which lead to anemia.
However, nosebleeds can be a thing of the past with these quick tricks. Next time you have a nosebleed, use these tricks to stop it in its tracks.
1. Apply pressure to the right spot
Make sure to sit flat and bow your head slightly forward to stop leakage of blood into your throat. Blow your nose gently in order to take out the potential blood clots. Pinch the soft part of your nose (just below the cartilage) with your index finger and thumb and hold the pressure for around 10 minutes. The bleeding should stop.
You can also use a clean handkerchief or tissue and press it to the part of your nose that is bleeding, and apply pressure for several minutes.
2. Cold Coating
In the case of a nose injury, simply put an ice cube or a cold coating on the side of the bleeding nostril. Hold it as long as you can stand, then pause and do it again. Cold coating constricts blood vessels thus stopping the bleed.
A nasal spray is also beneficial for blood vessel contractions.
If your nosebleed is caused by the blood vessels in your nose constricting, you can use steam to open up the skin in and around your nose. Just boil a pot of water, cover your head with a towel, lean over it and breathe in the steam to allow it to cleanse your nose.
Vinegar helps seal up the blood vessel wall, making it easier to stop the nosebleed. Just dip a cotton swab in white vinegar and use it to plug the affected nostril for a couple of minutes until the bleeding stops.
5. Vitamin E oil
A dry nose can be a huge cause of a nosebleed. Try to keep vitamin E capsules on hand. When a nosebleed occurs, break open a capsule and coat your pinky finger or a cotton swab and gently wipe it just inside the bleeding nostril. This is especially good to do at night before going to sleep.
Vitamin E will help moisturize your nasal membranes and prevent bleeding.
6. Saline solution
This method is commonly used by allergy sufferers to rid the nasal passages of mucus and dust, and also helps soothe and moisturize irritated nasal membranes.
Mix 1 teaspoon of salt with 2 cups of filtered water and flush it through the bleeding nostril using a bulb syringe or a neti pot.
Note: Squirt the saline solution into one nostril while holding the other closed. Lower your head over the sink and gently blow out the water.