Was discovered in 1920 on the Farm Hoba, near Grootfontein in northern Namibia by, the farm owner, Jacobus Hermanus Brits. The iron-nickel body was found partially buried in calcrete and is the largest known meteorite on the Earth.
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Its approximate measurements are 2.95 meters in length, 2.85, 0.75 to 1.2 meter in height. It has three definite corners – the fourth being rounded and weighs about 55 to 60 tons. The meteor is quite unusual in its shape being somewhat cuboid.
image credit: Sergio Conti
It is estimated at being between 200 and 400 million years old and that it fell to earth only about 80,000 years ago. The size of the Meteorite as it entered the Earth’s atmosphere would have been much larger and the burn-out would have presented a most impressive sight to any living creature that may have witnessed the event.
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Amazingly, there is no impact crater, and to this date there is no scientific explanation for this mystery. Could it be that the Hoba Meteorite entered the earth’s atmosphere at a very low trajectory, impacted the surface far away and then bounced to its final resting place.
This suggests that it fell to earth at a lower rate of speed than expected. Some scientists believe that the flat shape of the object may be responsible for its low velocity at impact.
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In 1955 the Hoba Meteorite was declared a National Monument. However, it was not until 1985 that Rossing Uranium Ltd. enabled the site easily accessible for tourist viewing. Astronomical Origin: thought to be between 190 to 410 million years old