The Megadunes & Mysterious Lakes of Badain Jaran Desert

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These mysterious lakes are believed to be fed by underground water springs that flow under the gravel deposits and appear between the dunes where the deposits become fine-grained and the water flow is blocked.

image credit: china-tour

The source of this water is precipitation and snowmelt in the mountains surrounding the desert hundreds of kilometers away.

image credit: Science Channel 

Runoff from these mountains flows through the fractured rocks and through gravel deposits beneath the desert, and emerge at scattered places giving rise to numerous lakes.

image credit: earthobservatory

Although the springs carry fresh water, most of the lakes are saline, which can be explained by their high rate of evaporation. Some of the lakes change color due to the presence of a large populations of algae, brine shrimp and minerals.

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Evaporation have also led some hypersaline lakes to form salt crust around the rim of the lakes.The fresh water lakes provide the life sustenance in the desert supporting camels, goats and horses which are herded by nomads that travel through the desert.

image credit: Science Channel 

Most lakes also support a green ring of vegetation that populate the close vicinity around the lakes.

In recent decades, some of these lakes have shrunk or even disappeared, as a result of reduction in groundwater brought about by urbanization, irrigation, water diversion, and an increase in population.

VIAScience Channel
SOURCEwikipedia
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