Beryllium is located in the second group of the periodic table, above magnesium.In nature you can find beryllium as part of emeralds, i.e. beryllium silicate.Beryllium has a very low density, but at the same time high hardness, it is a very toxic metal, so it is best to be stored in glass ampoules.Beryllium is a very rare element, and has a fairly high price for itself. A gram of beryllium costs about $15, the metal is obtained by recovering the beryllium fluoride with magnesium.Externally beryllium looks like a shiny gray metal with a distinct crystalline structure.
source/image(PrtSc): Thoisoi2 – Chemical Experiments!
To show you some of the chemical properties of beryllium, I’ll break a vial containing this metal.Beryl crystals are so fragile that even in the vial they had to crumble into many pieces.So to start, let’s see how beryllium reacts with an alkali – sodium hydroxide.The reaction of beryllium with the aqueous alkaline solution is accompanied by the release of hydrogen and the formation of hydroxyberryliate, as you can see the reaction progresses slowly.
In the hydrochloric acid beryllium actively dissolves to form chloride beryllium and hydrogen.By the way, beryllium compounds have a sweet taste, however I will not check it as beryllium salts are very toxic. I have many tables but only one life.
With regards to the chemical properties, beryllium resembles aluminum, if you try to set fire to a piece of beryllium, it will not burn due to the formation of a solid oxide film on the surface of the metal, also this metal has a fairly high melting point.Beryllium is mainly used as a dopant to the various alloys. Beryllium additive greatly enhances the hardness and strength of the alloys and the corrosion resistance of surfaces for items made from these alloys.