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Cycloidal Drive Working Principle Designing 3D Printing And Testing

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A cycloidal drive or cycloidal speed reducer is a mechanism for reducing the speed of an input shaft by a certain ratio. Cycloidal speed reducers are capable of relatively high ratios in compact sizes with very low backlash.The input shaft drives an eccentric bearing that in turn drives the cycloidal disc in an eccentric, cycloidal motion.

source/image(PrtSc): How To Mechatronics

The perimeter of this disc is geared to a stationary ring gear and has a series of output shaft pins or rollers placed through the face of the disc. These output shaft pins directly drive the output shaft as the cycloidal disc rotates. The radial motion of the disc is not translated to the output shaft.

The input shaft is mounted eccentrically to a rolling-element bearing (typically a cylindrical roller bearing), causing the cycloidal disc to wobble in a circle. The cycloidal disc will independently rotate around the bearing as it is pushed against the ring gear.

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The cycloidal disc has holes that are slightly larger than the output roller pins that go inside them. The output pins will move around in the holes to achieve steady rotation of the output shaft from the wobbling movement of the cycloidal disc./wikipedia

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VIAHow To Mechatronics
SOURCEwikipedia
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