Home ENGINEERING SMAW STICK Welding Working Principle Animation

SMAW STICK Welding Working Principle Animation

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Stick welding (also known as Shielded Metal Arc Welding or Manual Metal Arc Welding) is one of the most popular welding processes. An electric current, in the form of either alternating current or direct current from a welding power supply, is used to form an electric arc between the electrode and the metals to be joined.

source/image(PrtSc): WeldNotes.com

The workpiece and the electrode melts forming a pool of molten metal (weld pool) that cools to form a joint. As the weld is laid, the flux coating of the electrode disintegrates, giving off vapors that serve as a shielding gas and providing a layer of slag, both of which protect the weld area from atmospheric contamination.This video is an introduction to this process.

Shielded metal arc welding equipment typically consists of a constant current welding power supply and an electrode, with an electrode holder, a ground clamp, and welding cables (also known as welding leads) connecting the two. As the weld is laid, the flux coating of the electrode disintegrates, giving off vapors that serve as a shielding gas and providing a layer of slag, both of which protect the weld area from atmospheric contamination.

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The SMAW arc is extremely hot temperatures in excess of 9000ºF (5000ºC) at its center, melting occurs almost instantly as the arc touches the metal.Power in the electrical circuit used to power the weld is measured in amperes. More current or amperage is needed for welding thicker metals or electrodes.

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VIA WeldNotes.com
SOURCEwikipedia
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