Home Technology Central Air Conditioning Working Principle 3D Animation

Central Air Conditioning Working Principle 3D Animation

A 3D animation showing how central air conditioning works in a split-system setup. Cinema 4D was used to create each individual part, as well as animating everything. Corona renderer was used for all rendering.A standard air conditioner or cooling system uses a specialized chemical called refrigerant, and has three main mechanical components: a compressor, a condenser coil and an evaporator coil.

source/image(PrtSc): Matt Rittman

These components work together to quickly convert the refrigerant from gas to liquid and back again. The cooling compressor is set outside the home, separate from the fan unit used to blow the cool air throughout the home on the central air unit. Watch the video from Matt Rittman for more info:

Air conditioners often use a fan to distribute the conditioned air to an enclosed space such as a building or a car to improve thermal comfort and indoor air quality.


Electric refrigerant-based AC units range from small units that can cool a small bedroom, which can be carried by a single adult, to massive units installed on the roof of office towers that can cool an entire building. The cooling is typically achieved through a refrigeration cycle, but sometimes evaporation or free cooling is used.