Home SCIENCE NASA Puffin Low Noise, Electric VTOL Personal Air Vehicle

NASA Puffin Low Noise, Electric VTOL Personal Air Vehicle



This is an electric aircraft developed by NASA to investigate the opportunities that new electric propulsion technologies offer to enable new forms of On-Demand Mobility that could promote a dramatic improvement in regional productivity.

source/image: NASAPAV

Conceptual design focusing on the ability of a redundant electric propulsion system to provide new capabilities for Vertical Takeoff and Landing aircraft.

The concept design was projected to be capable of flying a single person at a speed of 150 miles per hour (241 km/h), with range expected to be less than 50 miles (80 km) with 2010-vintage Lithium-iron-phosphate battery technology.


The design specified a 13.5 foot (4.1 m) wingspan, standing 12 feet (3.65 m) tall on the ground in its take-off or landing configuration.

Specifically utilizing electric motor variable rpm to accomplish a low tipspeed prop-rotor (400 ft/sec tip speed at hover and 200 ft/sec at cruise) to accomplish an order of magnitude reduction in community noise for close proximity operations (30-40 db reduction).The variable rpm capability also achieves a 25% improvement in prop-rotor efficiency through operation at optimal advance ratios.