A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous and internal combustion engine. The main elements common to all gas turbine engines are:an upstream rotating gas compressor,a combustor,a downstream turbine on the same shaft as the compressor.This animation explains the working principle of these heavy duty machines by example of the new MGT series.
source/image: MAN Energy Solutions
A twin shaft version serves for mechanical drive applications while the design of the single shaft version is dedicated for power generation. You’ll see some basic similarities to jet engines.Industrial gas turbines from MAN Diesel & Turbo cover the 7 -13 MW range.
To generate powerthe gas turbine heats a mixture of air and fuel at very high temperatures, causing the turbine blades to spin. The spinning turbine drives a generator that converts the energy into electricity.
In gas turbines Compressed air is mixed with fuel, and burned under constant pressure conditions. The resulting hot gas is allowed to expand through a turbine to perform work. comprised of three main sections: a compressor, a combustor, and a power turbine.The gas turbine can be used in combination with a steam turbine—in a combined-cycle power plant—to create power extremely efficiently.//MAN Energy Solutions